English teaching at Trinity CofE Primary School will ensure that children develop a love of the English language while developing their speaking and listening, reading and writing abilities.
Speaking and Listening
Children are taught to become confident speakers and attentive listeners. At Trinity children across the school are encouraged to collaborate with each other in lessons. This encourages confidence and develops purposeful talk. We also have a fortnightly lesson called Big Talk, where children are taught skills to help them articulate their ideas and broaden their use of vocabulary.
Children will develop a love of reading through an exposure to high quality texts, as well as a well-structured phonics scheme that teaches them to read independently at a rate that is perfectly matched to them individually. They will be taught phonics that provides them the skills to blend sounds for reading and segment words for writing and will read phonetically decodable books independently, to develop confidence and fluency. They will study a wide range of both fiction and non-fiction texts in Guided Reading and English lessons. They will be taught how to develop key comprehension skills including prediction, summarising, retrieval and inference. A child’s reading level is monitored closely and appropriate books are sent home for daily reading, which we view as an absolute necessity.
Children will learn to write fluently and coherently for a range of audiences. Spelling lessons as well as grammar and punctuation lessons are taught weekly, but these areas are viewed as a priority across the curriculum. Teachers work tirelessly to support each child with their personal misconceptions in order to move them forward quickly. Pupils are also expected to develop their handwriting in weekly lessons as the presentation of their written work should be of a high standard. Pupils are taught how to write in the cursive style and are encouraged to start joining their letters from an early age. Every child in Key Stage 2 strives to achieve a pen licence which enables them to complete all their written work in a blue pen from that day forward.
At Trinity C of E Primary School, we value a maths curriculum that is creative and engaging, whilst developing the necessary skills to make them ‘deep thinkers’. Our children are given the opportunity to acquire mathematical skills that can be recalled quickly and transferred and applied within different contexts, as well as making rich connections across other subjects. We achieve this through the use of White Rose Maths, in order to deliver a mastery approach to teaching and learning mathematics. Through the use of this scheme – coupled with quality first teaching – we aim to meet and exceed the higher expectations set out in the 2014 National Curriculum.
Rationale: Why do we teach RE?
RE is at the core of our distinctive provision. Religious education in our school should enable children to develop RE specific thinking and skills, as well as help educate for dignity and respect encouraging all to live well together. Such an approach is offered through a commitment to generous hospitality, being true to our underpinning faith, but with a deep respect for the integrity of other religious traditions (and worldviews) and for the religious freedom of each person.
Church of England Vision for Education: Deeply Christian, Serving the Common Good. (The Church of England Education Office, 2016)
Our RE curriculum enables pupils to acquire a rich, deep knowledge and understanding of Christian belief and practice. The curriculum engages and challenges pupils through the exploration of core concepts and questions, with meaningful and informed dialogue with a range of religions and worldviews. There are opportunities for pupils to explore foundational texts, beliefs, rituals, and practices and how they help form identity in a range of religions and worldviews. Our RE curriculum goes beyond a sociological study of religious phenomena and introduces our pupils to a range of relevant disciplines including theology, philosophy and the human and social sciences. Progress enables pupils to develop confident religious literacy.
The RE curriculum is intrinsic to the outworking of our Christian vision in enabling all pupils to ‘shine’. In addition, the RE curriculum contributes to British values and spiritual moral social and cultural development. Learning activities provide for the needs of all pupils, and pupil develop a wide range of skills including enquiry, analysis, interpretation, evaluation and reflection. We provide a safe space for pupils to explore their own religious, spiritual and/or philosophical ways of seeing, living and thinking, believing and belonging. They have opportunities to engage in meaningful and informed dialogue with those of all religions and worldviews.
Our curriculum that enables progress through ordered and sequential learning developing both knowledge and skills, with a structure for implementation and provision and a process for evaluating impact.
Aims and objectives
Trinity is caring, inclusive and focused on ‘excellence for all’. ‘Only our best will do’ and we keep in mind how we can ‘shine like stars’ as we hold firmly to our Christians values: love, respect, courage, trust, justice and hope.
Then you will shine among them like stars in the sky as you hold firmly to the word of life. (Phil 2:15-16)
As stated in the Church of England Statement of Entitlement for Religious Education, our school aims for all pupils:
• To know about and understand Christianity as a diverse global living faith through the exploration of core beliefs using an approach that critically engages with biblical text.
• To gain knowledge and understanding of a range of religions and worldviews appreciating diversity, continuity and change within the religions and worldviews being studied.
• To engage with challenging questions of meaning and purpose raised by human existence and experience.
• To recognise the concept of religion and its continuing influence on Britain’s cultural heritage and in the lives of individuals and societies in different times, cultures and places.
• To explore their own religious, spiritual and philosophical ways of living, believing and thinking.
Planning the progression model
The core concepts fit into a spiral curriculum, whereby concepts are revisited and explored in more depth as pupils move through the school. These are explored through key questions, however, and so are not applied exclusively — links and connections will be made between concepts during units.
Science and engineering are vitally important industries in the modern world. Even if children do not become scientists or engineers they will grow up in a world that requires scientific literacy and critical thinking skills. Science is all around us and helps children to make sense of the world.
At Trinity Church of England Primary School, we recognise the importance of Science and strive to maintain a high profile for Science within our school. Our desire to empower and motivate children to develop a lifelong love of science is reflected in our curriculum, and our nurturing learning environments.
A scientist observes, questions, creates hypotheses, experiments, records data, and then analyses that data. All children can be scientists by following their own natural curiosity, and at Trinity Church of England Primary, teachers help to build and reinforce these skills so that children are able to thrive and achieve.
Trinity Church of England Primary School aspires to provide excellent opportunities for Science so that children can:
- Make meaningful links between classroom learning and the real world in order to develop their understanding of Science
- Develop scientific literacy and critical thinking skills by designing and carrying out their own investigations
- Make progress; growing and fulfilling their potential regardless of their circumstances
- Nurture their curiosity by asking ‘big’ questions, developing and encouraging awe and wonder and a sense of curiosity in the natural world.
To achieve this, we use the Kent Science scheme, which provides teachers with everything they need to plan and deliver an exciting and thorough curriculum. This scheme is supplemented by our own outdoor learning curriculum, which utilises the extensive grounds around Trinity, allowing children to pose questions and investigate their own ideas. At Trinity our Science lessons highlight the learning in other curriculum areas, such as English, Maths and computing. Children are encouraged and supported to use skills from these subjects in Science.
Art and Design
At Trinity Primary School, we believe that a high quality art, craft and design education will engage, inspire and challenge pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to participate in, experiment with, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. The children learn to improve their mastery of art and design techniques by learning about colour, form, texture, pattern and different materials and processes. Through their active participation pupils will learn to explore their imagination, generate ideas, acquire skills and apply judgement. They learn to recognise the achievements of artists, designers and craftspeople from many different times and cultures. By enriching the children’s personal expression, cultural understanding, creative and practical responses we can promote imaginative risk taking providing solutions to our material, emotional, social and virtual worlds.
At Trinity Primary School the youngest children in Nursery are encouraged to use mark making to explore colour and line and learn how they can be changed. They are encouraged to express feelings through their art and mark making and capture experiences and responses with a wide range of media. This is further developed in Reception, where children begin to create simple representations of events, people and objects, choosing particular colours and textures for their purpose. As the children progress through school, art experiences are built upon so the children can make decisions about their approach to different challenges. We use sketchbooks to help children to develop their ideas and to show and assess progression in their artistic ability. Drawing skills are used to support many other subjects and as such are very important aspects of how the children record their knowledge visually, so these skills are valued throughout the curriculum.
At Trinity C of E Primary School, we believe that every child should have the skills for life that they need. As we move through the 21st century our children need to be evermore computer literate and fully trained and ready for a digital age. Through our computing curriculum, we will prepare our pupils to be autonomous users of technology by providing them with the experience and training they will need for secondary school and life beyond. We provide cross-curricular opportunities to take advantage of all the digital resources that are available to enhance learning, gain a deeper understanding and look at subjects in new and dynamic ways. We actively ensure that digital literacy is open to all backgrounds and promote diversity and inclusion in our teaching. Through computational thinking, our students will be trained to problem solve and become ever more creative. Critical thinking is an important part of coding; however, pupils will take away essential skills that can be used in many areas of education and life. At the heart of our teaching is e-safety. We ensure every child knows how to act safely when online, be cautious and considerate and knows when to seek adult advice. Our content also helps them understand their responsibility as a digital citizen and as a member of Trinity’s wider community.
PSHE and RSE
Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) enables our children to become healthy, independent and responsible members of society. It aims to help them understand how they are developing personally and socially, and tackles many of the moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up.
At Trinity, the PSHE and RSE (Relationships and Sex Education) curriculum is taught using the SCARF scheme of work from Coram Life Education delivered under the strapline, ‘Helping Children Make Healthy Choices’. SCARF is an acronym for Safety, Caring, Achievement, Resilience and Friendship and aims to help our children remember some of the core ideas we are nurturing in PSHE lessons. SCARF is a whole-school approach to promoting behaviour, safety, achievement and wellbeing.
In PSHE lessons children will experience fun, engaging and memorable lessons. They meet Harold the Giraffe puppet (‘Healthy Harold’), and friends, have discussions and watch short films about healthy eating, legal and illegal drugs and their effects, the body and how it works, friendships and their influence, and how choices and behaviours can affect children’s health and education outcomes. Coram Life Education’s interventions include challenging social norms – misperceptions of peers’ engagement with risky behaviour – to engender more positive behaviours.
We aim to give pupils the knowledge and skills they need to
- To build their self-efficacy and resilience.
- Help them to understand how to stay safe and who and where to go to ask for help.
- Equip pupils with the knowledge they need to make good decisions about their own health, wellbeing and relationships.
- Help to prepare pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life.
- Promote the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils across the school and in the wider society.
Design and Technology
Here at Trinity CE Primary School, we believe that Design and Technology should offer all our pupils the chance to use creative thinking and design with a defined purpose and tangible outcome. Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils are taught the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in a process of designing and making. They work in a range of contexts through our topic based approach which allows for cross curricular links to be made.
Through the study of Design and Technology pupils acquire a broad range of subject knowledge and draw on disciplines such as Mathematics, Science, Engineering, computing and Art. Pupils learn about becoming resourceful, innovative, enterprising and capable citizens. Through the evaluation of past and present design and technology, they develop a critical understanding of its impact on daily life and the wider world. High quality design and technology education makes an essential contribution to the creativity, culture, wealth and well-being of the nation.
Modern Foreign Language
At Trinity all children are taught weekly lessons in French throughout Key Stage 2 by a French specialist, using the resources and units of work from Lightbulb Languages, in addition to other resources. In Years 3 and 4 children acquire basic skills and understanding of French with a strong emphasis placed on developing their speaking and listening skills along with phonics work. These will be embedded and further developed in Years 5 and 6, alongside reading and writing, gradually progressing onto more complex language concepts. When children leave Trinity, they will have some knowledge and a natural curiosity about other countries and cultures and an understanding that, in a multi-lingual society it is a valuable skill to be able to communicate effectively with others in another language. They will be engaged and prepared to continue language learning at Secondary School.
At Trinity, we believe that students need a global awareness that includes familiarity with different cultures, beliefs, and lifestyles in order to understand and address global issues. Geography can help students understand these issues as it has an important role in instilling personal attributes and developing globally minded pupils. We aim to encourage curious, interested learners who seek out and are able use new information to develop and deepen their knowledge, understanding and skills.
An understanding of geography is essential to understanding our place in the world, understanding that the world we live in now, is connected in many ways and how we are an integral part of it. Geography can not only inspire curiosity and fascination about the world and its people but also nurture our children’s inquisitive thinking and questioning skills.
Three essential learning and innovative skills can help students for confronting the challenges of tomorrow: Creative thinking, problem solving and collaboration skills. These skills are what we aim to teach our children.
In Reception, children are first exposed to geography as they explore the environment around them through the use of their outdoor area and our amazing school grounds. Children are encouraged to draw, write and talk about what they see, their experiences of a place and how things may change during the course of a year.
In Key Stage 1 we use geography to inspire a fascination about the world, where children start to understand where we are, in the context of our earth. They also begin to look at our local area, explore our wonderful school grounds, learn to draw and read maps. Children gather a knowledge of basic geographical vocabulary that refers to human and physical features. They also learn about weather and present their own wonderful weather forecasts to their class. Our children also love to compare our country and its features to other areas and countries.
In Key Stage 2, geography helps students to better develop a global awareness and gives them opportunities to be creative and innovative. Geography equips pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources, natural and human environments through the study of Europe as well as North and South America and through the study of settlements and land use. It also gives children a deeper understanding of the earth’s key physical and human processes through the study of mountains, rivers and volcanoes. Children are also given opportunities to interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems.
Through the teaching of Geography, we hope to, not only educate our children about key issues like climate and sustainability but also instil a keen love for enquiry and ignite a lifelong passion for taking responsibility for and protecting our world.
At Trinity CE Primary School children explore their empathy, critical thinking and chronological understanding through their learning in their history lessons, so they can better understand the past and how it will shape the future.
In Key Stage 1 children will develop their awareness for the past. They will also learn about the significant people and events within our local area. In this Key Stage we will be looking back at the changes within living memory such as how shops and homes have changed as well as events beyond living memory such as the Gunpowder Plot and The Great Fire of London. The children will use comparisons to place events in a growing understanding of chronology.
In Key Stage 2 children will further explore and appreciate history and chronology. They will work on securing an understanding of British and local history as well as world history. Through their study of different breadths of historical topics our pupils will gain a greater understanding of the past and they will use critical thinking and cultural comparisons to build their chronological awareness.
In lower Key Stage 2 children will be focusing on areas such as prehistoric Britain, Roman Britain and Ancient Egypt whilst Upper Key Stage 2 will be looking at Anglo Saxons, Ancient Greeks and Mayans as well as more modern history such as World War 2 and the history of the Windrush and the people who came to Britain whilst aboard it. Children will look at connections and patterns over time and develop a good use of historical terms. There will be a big focus on children building their understanding through research, critical questioning as well as a large project at the end to show their new knowledge.
Music is an essential part of life. At Trinity we believe that children should have the opportunity to be immersed in different musical experiences. Children at Trinity are exposed to a wide range of musical genres, including classical. We feel that children should have the chance to develop their love for music through playing different instruments and we have a wide range of percussion instruments that are regularly used during music lessons. Children will also develop an understanding of how music is composed and have many opportunities to create their own. There are points throughout the year in which the school celebrates its musical talents. Through the music curriculum at Trinity, children will increase their self-confidence, creativity, and sense of achievement. These enriching experiences will allow students to gain an understanding and love of music that they can take with them throughout their lives.
At Trinity Primary School we provide an inclusive, broad and balanced PE curriculum that ensures ALL children will benefit, whether through enhancing existing skills, learning new skills or being introduced to new sports, clubs, teams and organisations. We also ensure children understand the importance of leading a healthy lifestyle and to equip them with the tools to do so through health and well-being education. Children must understand how to take care of themselves both physically and mentally in order to be successful as adults. We aim to fully deliver and build upon the aims of the national curriculum for physical education to meet the needs of our pupils.
At Trinity Primary School, ‘Pupil Voice’ means a whole-school commitment to listening to the views, wishes and experiences of all children and young people; in other words: placing value on what children and young people tell school staff about their experiences. We believe that our children need to be provided with meaningful opportunities to share their experiences, views and hopes about their school, for example what is working and what needs to be improved. It is important that our children know that it is safe and that it is important for them to express their views about what happens at school. In addition, it is imperative that children know that what they say is valued and will be listened to and considered.
Article 12 in The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child states that, ‘Every child has the right to express their views, feelings and wishes in all matters affecting them, and to have their views considered and taken seriously’ (UNICEF 1992). We strongly support this ethos at Trinity. The children at Trinity see democracy celebrated and practised in a variety of ways. We have an elected School Council which represents pupil voice in the school. The school has a tradition of a house system named after accomplished famous people from a range of backgrounds in England. As part of this system we also have House Captains and who act as representatives for their House in a range of contexts. Children regularly get opportunities to express their views in school through Pupil Voice sampling and questionnaires. In addition, we have elected Head Boys and Bead Girls who represent our students whilst perform important duties and representing the core values of our school.