Trinity Church of England Primary School



Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) aims to enable our children to become healthy, independent and responsible members of society.

PSHE lessons do this by teaching pupils to understand how they are developing personally and socially, while developing the skills and knowledge needed to develop fully as individuals and as members of families and social and economic communities.  Through these lessons pupils learn how to become responsible for the health of their bodies, minds and relationships.

From September 2020, the Relationships, Sex and Health Education (RSHE) aspects of PSHE education are compulsory in all schools.

In Nursery and Reception, our youngest children develop their Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) through a play-based curriculum. Strong, warm and supportive relationships with adults enable children to learn how to understand their own feelings and those of others. Children are supported to manage emotions, develop a positive sense of self, set themselves simple goals, have confidence in their own abilities, to persist and wait for what they want and direct attention as necessary. Through adult modelling and guidance, they will learn how to look after their bodies, including healthy eating, and manage personal needs independently. Through supported interaction with other children, they learn how to make good friendships, co-operate and resolve conflicts peaceably. These attributes will provide a secure platform from which children can achieve at school and in later life.

At Trinity, in KS1 & KS2, the PSHE and RSHE curriculum is taught using the SCARF scheme of work from Coram Life Education delivered under the strapline, ‘Helping Children Make Healthy Choices’. SCARF is an acronym for Safety, Caring, Achievement, Resilience and Friendship and aims to help our children remember some of the core ideas we are nurturing in PSHE lessons. SCARF is also a whole-school approach to promoting behaviour, safety, achievement and wellbeing. It takes a spiral approach, gradually revisiting topics at a deeper level at each key stage or year group, whilst rehearsing, emphasising and embedding the essential skills and attributes young people need to manage their lives, both now and in the future. It provide pupils with a relevant, age appropriate and broad curriculum.

Essential PSHE key skills and knowledge the children will develop are:

  • What is meant by a healthy lifestyle
  • How to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing
  • How to manage risks to physical and emotional health and wellbeing
  • Ways of keeping physically and emotionally safe
  • How to manage change, including puberty, transition and loss
  • How to make informed choices about health and wellbeing, and where to get help with this
  • How to respond in an emergency
  • To identify different influences on health and wellbeing
  • How to develop and maintain a variety of relationships, within a range of social and cultural contexts
  • How to recognise and manage emotions within relationships
  • How to respond to risky or negative relationships, including bullying and abuse
  • How to respond to risky or negative relationships and ask for help
  • How to respect equality and diversity in relationships
  • About respect for themselves and others, and the importance of responsible actions and behaviour
  • About rights and responsibilities as members of families, other groups and citizens
  • About different groups and communities
  • To respect equality and diversity, and how to be a productive member of a diverse community
  • About the importance of respecting and protecting the environment
  • About where money comes from, keeping it safe, and the importance of managing it effectively
  • The part that money plays in people’s lives
  • A basic understanding of enterprise

Trinity PSHE Overview

PSHE Progression Map